1. Occlusal: The biting surface of the tooth.
2. Bitewing: a type of x-ray that shows in between the teeth on one side of the mouth.
3. Panorex/Pan: a type of x-ray that shows the entire jaw and multiple aspects of the mouth.
4. Treatment Plan: a formal plan made by the dentist for a patient that includes recommended dental treatment and prices.
5. Endodontic/Endo: the root canal of a tooth.
6. Root Canal: a lay term used to describe the procedure for removing the nerve in a tooth.
7. Composite/Resin: the material used for white/tooth colored fillings.
8. Crown: a helmet/cap that surrounds and protects an entire tooth.
9. Bridge: two or more crowns attached to teeth which are adjacent to each other. A bridge is often used to replace a single or multiple missing teeth.
10. Partial: a removable appliance used to replace one or more missing teeth.
11. Denture: a removable appliance used to replace an entire arch of missing teeth.
12. Prophylaxis: a preventive tooth cleaning procedure done 2 times per year for individuals with healthy gums.
13. Perio Maintenance: a tooth cleaning procedure that is done 3-4 times per year for individuals who have had periodontal therapy.
14. Periodontal Therapy: initial tooth cleaning procedure/treatment that is done for individuals who have been diagnosed with Periodontal disease.
15. Periodontal Disease: a disease caused by gram negative bacteria that invades the surrounding structures (gum tissue) of a tooth. This disease can cause redness, swelling, and bleeding of the gum tissue along with mobility of the affected teeth.
16. Comprehensive Exam: a thorough evaluation of the entire mouth done by the dentist for individuals who are new to a dental practice or who have not been seen on a regular basis for dental care.
17. Periodic Exam: a routine exam of the entire mouth done by the dentist for individuals who have been seen on a regular basis.
18. Fluoride: a naturally occurring element used to help strengthen enamel and protect teeth from the bacteria that causes decay. It can also be used to minimize sensitivity in teeth.
19. Oral Cancer Screening: a thorough evaluation of the soft tissue in the mouth that is done to identify lesions that may be or may become oral cancer.
20. Cavity: a hole in the tooth caused by bacteria.